research in focus

Better, Stronger, Faster: How Exercising Harder May Help People with Incomplete SCI Improve Their Ability to Walk

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord after an accident or other trauma. According to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center, more than half of people with SCI have an “incomplete” injury, meaning that nerve pathways to control movement below the injury are still partially intact. Although outcomes vary substantially, these individuals may retain the ability to walk.

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For People with Mobility Disabilities, High-Quality Mobility Devices May Be Key for Community Involvement and Independence

About 9.4 million Americans use a mobility device to get around. Mobility devices include walking aids such as crutches, canes, and walkers, as well as manual or battery-powered wheelchairs. Mobility devices can help people with mobility disabilities to participate in work, family, leisure, and other community activities. However, if mobility devices break down or stop working correctly, this can restrict participation in the community. Manual and motorized wheelchairs and scooters, in particular, may be costly to repair.

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Youth and Parents Share Ideas for Supporting Healthy Lifestyles for Youth with Disabilities

Youth with disabilities are less likely to be physically active and likely to have higher rates of obesity than youth without disabilities, according to earlier research studies. Youth with disabilities may find it challenging to follow healthy lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise and healthy eating, due to social and environmental barriers.  For example, some youth with disabilities may be excluded from physical education classes or sports teams, or they may not be aware of or be able to get to stores that offer healthy foods.

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A Brief Internet-based Parent Training Program May Build Parenting Skills and Reduce Behavior Challenges in Children with Traumatic Brain Injury

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is lasting brain damage from an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe. Children with TBI may develop behavior problems, such as aggression or impulsivity. With support from therapists and trained professionals, parents can play an important role in helping their children learn more positive behavioral strategies. However, some families may not be able to access in-person family therapy or parenting workshops due to issues such as cost or transportation challenges.

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Los Hombres Jóvenes con Lesión de la Médula Espinal Pueden Beneficiarse de la Detección de Testosterona

Alrededor de 12,000 estadounidenses desarrollan una lesión de la médula espinal (LME) cada año, según el Centro Nacional de Estadísticas de Lesión de la Médula Espinal. Una LME es daño en cualquier lugar a lo largo de la médula espinal después de un accidente u otro trauma. Las personas con LME pueden perder el movimiento o sentido en sus brazos y piernas (tetraplejía) o solo en sus piernas (paraplejía), dependiendo de qué parte de la médula espinal esté lesionada. La LME es mucho más común en los hombres que en las mujeres, y es más común en los hombres  con menos de 50 años de edad.

Spanish

Young Men with Spinal Cord Injury May Benefit from Testosterone Screening

About 12,000 Americans develop a spinal cord injury (SCI) each year, according to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center. An SCI is damage anywhere along the spinal cord after an accident or other trauma. People with SCI may lose movement or feeling in their arms and legs (tetraplegia) or only in their legs (paraplegia), depending on which part of the spinal cord is injured. SCI is much more common in men than women, and it is most common in men under age 50.

English

Muchas Instalaciones de Ejercicio Pueden No Ser Totalmente Accesibles para Personas con Discapacidades

Ser físicamente activo es una parte importante para mantenerse saludable. Correr y caminar al aire libre son opciones populares, pero las personas con discapacidades, especialmente discapacidades de movimiento, pueden no tener acceso completo a los parques y senderos tradicionales.

Spanish

Las Personas con Discapacidades Enfrentan Barreras al Empleo, Pero las Adaptaciones Pueden Ayudar

Las personas con discapacidades tienen tasas de empleo más bajas que las personas sin discapacidades: Según el Informe Anual sobre las Estadísticas de Discapacidad de 2015, sólo 34% de los estadounidenses con discapacidades en edad laboral estaban empleados en 2014, en comparación con 75% de los estadounidenses sin discapacidades en edad laboral. Las personas con discapacidades pueden enfrentar múltiples barreras que dificultan la búsqueda o el mantenimiento de empleos.

Spanish

People with Disabilities Face Barriers to Employment, But Accommodations May Help

People with disabilities have lower employment rates than people without disabilities. According to the 2015 Disability Statistics Annual Report, only 34% of working-age Americans with disabilities were employed in 2014, compared with 75% of working-age Americans without disabilities. People with disabilities may face multiple barriers that make it harder to find or keep jobs. Some of these barriers include employers’ misconceptions about hiring and accommodating a person with a disability, inaccessible work spaces or equipment, or a lack of transportation to get to a work site.

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A New Online Program May Help People with TBI Build Emotion Regulation Skills

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is lasting brain damage from an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. People with TBI may have challenges with emotion regulation (ER), the process of recognizing and controlling their feelings or their reactions to feelings. Previous research has shown that a structured group therapy program can help people with TBI develop and practice ER skills in real-life situations. However, some people with TBI may not be able to get to a clinic to receive group therapy, or they may not be able to afford it.

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