Research In Focus: A Weekly Digest of New Research from the NIDILRR Community

Research In Focus is a weekly publication featuring reader-friendly summaries of the latest research from NIDILRR-funded projects. Each installment presents you with an overview of a recently-published NIDILRR-funded study, highlighting important findings, and discussing implications or directions for future research. This could be a starting point to learn more about the intervention, technology, or program. We hand-select the articles from our diverse library collections, aiming to broadly cover interesting research in many areas of disability, various types of intervention, and a wide range of age spectrum from early childhood to aging with and into disability. To be alerted to new articles, sign up for our weekly email newsletter News and Notes from the NIDILRR Community and Beyond! These articles are also available in Spanish.

About 9.4 million Americans use a mobility device to get around. Mobility devices include walking aids such as crutches, canes, and walkers, as well as manual or battery-powered wheelchairs. Mobility devices can help people with mobility disabilities to participate in work, family, leisure, and other community activities. However, if mobility devices break down or stop working correctly, this can restrict participation in the community. Manual and motorized wheelchairs and scooters, in... Read this article

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Youth with disabilities are less likely to be physically active and likely to have higher rates of obesity than youth without disabilities, according to earlier research studies. Youth with disabilities may find it challenging to follow healthy lifestyle habits, such as regular exercise and healthy eating, due to social and environmental barriers.  For example, some youth with disabilities may be excluded from physical education classes or sports teams, or they may not be aware of or be able... Read this article

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A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is lasting brain damage from an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. TBI can be mild, moderate, or severe. Children with TBI may develop behavior problems, such as aggression or impulsivity. With support from therapists and trained professionals, parents can play an important role in helping their children learn more positive behavioral strategies. However, some families may not be able to access in-person family therapy or parenting workshops due... Read this article

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About 12,000 Americans develop a spinal cord injury (SCI) each year, according to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center. An SCI is damage anywhere along the spinal cord after an accident or other trauma. People with SCI may lose movement or feeling in their arms and legs (tetraplegia) or only in their legs (paraplegia), depending on which part of the spinal cord is injured. SCI is much more common in men than women, and it is most common in men under age 50.

People with... Read this article

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People with disabilities have lower employment rates than people without disabilities. According to the 2015 Disability Statistics Annual Report, only 34% of working-age Americans with disabilities were employed in 2014, compared with 75% of working-age Americans without disabilities. People with disabilities may face multiple barriers that make it harder to find or keep jobs. Some of these barriers include employers’ misconceptions about hiring and accommodating a person with a disability,... Read this article

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A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is lasting brain damage from an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. People with TBI may have challenges with emotion regulation (ER), the process of recognizing and controlling their feelings or their reactions to feelings. Previous research has shown that a structured group therapy program can help people with TBI develop and practice ER skills in real-life situations. However, some people with TBI may not be able to get to a clinic to receive... Read this article

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More than 400,000 Americans and about 2.5 million people worldwide have multiple sclerosis (MS), according to the Multiple Sclerosis Foundation. MS is a chronic condition affecting the central nervous system, which usually starts between the ages of 20 and 50. It can cause symptoms such as fatigue, trouble walking, vision problems, or problems with thinking and memory. These symptoms may not be obvious to other people. People who are employed when they develop MS may face difficult decisions... Read this article

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About 10,000 infants, children, and youth in the United States are considered “deaf-blind.” Deaf-blindness is an uncommon and complex disability. People who are deaf-blind have both visual and hearing impairments that are significant enough to require special supports beyond those used by people who are blind or deaf only. Some people with deaf-blindness also have other disabilities which may impact their physical or mental health, or their ability to communicate as well as increase their... Read this article

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A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord from an accident or other trauma. Depending on which part of the spinal cord is injured, people with SCI may lose some or all movement in their arms and legs (tetraplegia) or only in their legs (paraplegia). People with SCI may experience serious complications after completing their inpatient rehabilitation and moving back into the community. Some of the most common complications include urinary tract infections (UTIs), autonomic... Read this article

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A spinal cord injury (SCI) is lasting damage to the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. SCI causes a loss of feeling and movement below the point of injury, which can be either complete (no feeling or movement) or incomplete (some feeling, movement, or both). Some people with SCI require a ventilator for breathing if their injury is in the upper part of the spine. People with SCI usually receive initial medical treatment in a hospital, and then transfer to a rehabilitation... Read this article

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