RehabWire Volume 2 Number 5, May 2000

It’s May. It’s time to get active, get involved, or just get outside! This issue of RehabWire features articles, projects, organizations, and other resources for recreation, sports, and other leisure activities.

New Research: Selections from REHABDATA.

Unruh, A. M., Smith, N., Scammell, C. (2000). The occupation of gardening in life-threatening illness: A qualitative pilot project. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 67(1), 70-77. Accession Number: J38622.
Abstract: Qualitative study of the meaning of gardening using attention restoration theory. Data are from interviews with 3 women with breast cancer who used gardening for leisure. Participants also completed the Perceived Restorativeness Scale (PRS). Six major themes were identified in the interviews: Physical elements of the garden; interacting with living things; meeting personal needs; reflections about life; coping through gardening; and motivations to garden related to breast cancer.

Winnick, J. P., Short, F. X. (2000). The Brockport Physical Fitness Test. Palaestra, 16(1), 20-22. Accession Number: J38717.
Abstract: Article on the Brockport Physical Fitness Test (BPFT), describing its construction; its conceptual framework, including the concepts of physical activity, health, and health-related physical fitness; its personalized approach; and its test items and standards.

Gillwald, S. (2000). National Ability Center. Palaestra, 16(1), 32-39. Accession Number: J38718.
Abstract: Article describing the ski and alpine sports programs of the National Ability Center, located in Park City, Utah. Aspects of the Ski and Snowboard Program discussed include program schedules, equipment, instructors, and volunteers. The Disabled Race Team and Huntsman Cup 2000 championship races are also described, along with the origins and development of the center.

Cowart, J. (2000). Managing student misbehavior in adapted physical education by good teaching practices. Palaestra, 16(1), 40-47. Accession Number: J38719.
Abstract: Article about the use of good teaching practices in adapted physical education to reduce or eliminate occurrences of behaviors that interfere with student learning. Good instructional and curriculum practices are identified, including good observational skills needed for identifying students' starting levels and responses to instruction.

Tasiemski, T., Bergstrom, E., Savic, G., Gardner, B. P. (2000). Sports, recreation and employment following spinal cord injury - a pilot study. Spinal Cord, 38(3), 173-184. Accession Number: J38972.
Abstract: Pilot study examining sporting and recreational activities, education, and employment among persons with spinal cord injury (SCI), and in particular whether involvement in sport and recreation is associated with higher levels of education and employment. Data are from a 26-item mail survey completed by 45 individuals with SCI age 20-65. No significant correlation was found between involvement in sport or recreation and educational or employment status. Further investigation is recommended. The questionnaire is included as an appendix.

Mayo, R. (2000). Easy riders. Exceptional Parent, 30(4), 55-57. Available at Accession Number: J39066.
Abstract: Article about adaptive biking for people with disabilities. Describes tandem bicycles (for people who are blind or have upper limb impairments) and hand-cranked bicycles (for people with lower body disabilities). Includes a list of organizations that can provide further information.

(Quarterly). The spinal series. Missouri Model Spinal Cord Injury System, University of Missouri/Columbia, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Spinal Series is free on request from or online at Accession Number: O13168.
Abstract: Newsletter of the Missouri Model Spinal Cord Injury System (MOMSCIS). Topics covered include: accessible leisure in Missouri; gardening on wheels; the Disability Sports and Recreation Council of Mid-Missouri

Hiking trail sign, Yellow diamond with bootprint.Visit these journals and Web pages for more new research:


Scuba diver. ABLEDATA Factsheet #15 features aquatic sports and recreation equipment. You can find it online at

NIDRR Projects: Research in the New Millenium

Trails Web Site with Universal Access Information, Beneficial Designs, Inc. (ED-98-CO-0046) led by Peter W. Axelson and Denise A. Chesney. William Peterson, Project Officer.
Abstract: This project develops the Trails Web site to provide universal access information for trails throughout the United States, making the site useful to all hikers, regardless of their ability. The Trails Web site contains Trail Access Information on numerous hiking trails and allows users to search for trails that meet their specific access needs.
Find out more at:

Exercise and Recreation for Individuals with a Disability: Assessment and Intervention, Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago (H133A60032) led by Jeffery Jones. Theresa San Agustin, MD, Project Officer.
Abstract: This project demonstrates that participation in exercise and physical activity improves function, facilitates community reintegration, and enhances the quality of life of people with disabilities. The project: (1) investigates the long-term effects of an exercise fitness program on the physiology, metabolic performance, and quality of life of people with spinal cord injury, stroke, and cerebral palsy; (2) examines the role of self-efficacy in maintaining participation in an exercise fitness program; (3) describes the types and frequency of recreation and fitness activities among people who have had a stroke, people with spinal cord injury, and people with cerebral palsy; (4) examines the relationships between participation in recreation and exercise programs and health status, life satisfaction, and depression in the above populations; and (5) delineates barriers and deterrents to participation in recreation and exercise programs that exist for a variety of disability groups.
Find out more at:

Virtual Mesa Verde: An Interactive Media Program for Young Persons with Physical Disabilities, EduMedia, Inc. (ED-99-PO-4870) led by Martin McCarthy Jr., PhD. Robert J. Jaeger, PhD, Project Officer.
Abstract: This project develops an interactive Web-based Virtual Reality tour of Mesa Verde National Park, a UNESCO designated World Heritage Cultural Site. This program provides detailed, immersive, multidimensional, virtual experiences of exemplary National Parks for people with disabilities. In addition, this program provides online trip planning services for people with disabilities.

VCU/MCV Spinal Cord Injured (SCI) Model System, Virginia Commonwealth University (H133N50015) led by William O. McKinley, MD. Joel Myklebust, PhD, Project Officer.
Abstract: The Virginia Commonwealth University/Medical College of Virginia (VCU/MCV) Model System of Care for individuals with spinal cord injury merges the best health care practices with an underlying foundation of consumer advocacy, patient education, and individual consumer empowerment. The project institutes several community integration projects in the areas of transportation, return-to-work, and recreation for people with SCI.
Find out more at:

In addition to these projects, NIDRR’s Tech Act projects, model systems, and research and training centers add to the research and resources available on recreation, sports, and exercise to the disability and rehabilitation communities. Visit the Program Directory and its Compendium of Products for more information ( is a beautiful, fully interactive site which lets you search for information on national parks in every state!

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July 9-15 is National Theraputic Recreation Week 2000
Sponsored by the National Therapeutic Society and the National Recreation and Park Association.
Visit for more information and future dates.