People with disabilities have lower employment rates than people without disabilities. According to the 2015 Disability Statistics Annual Report, only 34% of working-age Americans with disabilities were employed in 2014, compared with 75% of working-age Americans without disabilities. People with disabilities may face multiple barriers that make it harder to find or keep jobs. Some of these barriers include employers’ misconceptions about hiring and accommodating a person with a disability,... Read this article
Research In Focus: A Weekly Digest of New Research from the NIDILRR Community
Research In Focus is a weekly publication featuring reader-friendly summaries of the latest research from NIDILRR-funded projects. Each installment presents you with an overview of a recently-published NIDILRR-funded study, highlighting important findings, and discussing implications or directions for future research. This could be a starting point to learn more about the intervention, technology, or program. We hand-select the articles from our diverse library collections, aiming to broadly cover interesting research in many areas of disability, various types of intervention, and a wide range of age spectrum from early childhood to aging with and into disability. To be alerted to new articles, sign up for our weekly email newsletter News and Notes from the NIDILRR Community and Beyond! These articles are also available in Spanish.
A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is lasting brain damage from an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. People with TBI may have challenges with emotion regulation (ER), the process of recognizing and controlling their feelings or their reactions to feelings. Previous research has shown that a structured group therapy program can help people with TBI develop and practice ER skills in real-life situations. However, some people with TBI may not be able to get to a clinic to receive... Read this article
More than 400,000 Americans and about 2.5 million people worldwide have multiple sclerosis (MS), according to the Multiple Sclerosis Foundation. MS is a chronic condition affecting the central nervous system, which usually starts between the ages of 20 and 50. It can cause symptoms such as fatigue, trouble walking, vision problems, or problems with thinking and memory. These symptoms may not be obvious to other people. People who are employed when they develop MS may face difficult decisions... Read this article
About 10,000 infants, children, and youth in the United States are considered “deaf-blind.” Deaf-blindness is an uncommon and complex disability. People who are deaf-blind have both visual and hearing impairments that are significant enough to require special supports beyond those used by people who are blind or deaf only. Some people with deaf-blindness also have other disabilities which may impact their physical or mental health, or their ability to communicate as well as increase their... Read this article
A spinal cord injury (SCI) is lasting damage to the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. SCI causes a loss of feeling and movement below the point of injury, which can be either complete (no feeling or movement) or incomplete (some feeling, movement, or both). Some people with SCI require a ventilator for breathing if their injury is in the upper part of the spine. People with SCI usually receive initial medical treatment in a hospital, and then transfer to a rehabilitation... Read this article
As people age, they may experience new and chronic health conditions that make it difficult to participate in activities at home, at work, and in the community. For many people, successful aging means avoiding preventable conditions which may lead to disability, maintaining physical and social activity, and interacting with the community in meaningful ways. People who were born with disabilities or developed them early in life may experience aging differently from people who first develop... Read this article
A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. Nearly half of people with SCI experience recurring nerve pain in areas below their injury. This pain may not go away, even with medications. Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a procedure that may reduce nerve pain in people with SCI by “resetting” brain areas that react to pain. In tDCS, a weak electrical current is applied to the scalp using two electrodes on... Read this article
People with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have lifelong conditions that may affect their ability to communicate, learn, or make decisions. Historically, adults with IDD have often received services in job or recreation facilities that are segregated or sheltered, where they may only interact with other people with disabilities and support staff, rather than an integrated setting where they may interact with people with and without disabilities.
Recent policy... Read this article
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that one in five children or youth may at some point have a serious emotional, mental, or behavioral disorder such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder or conduct disorder. They may receive services from clinicians, social workers, and other mental health professionals. “Wraparound” is a comprehensive, team-based program providing individualized services to children and youth with serious mental health conditions and available... Read this article