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research in focus

Los Hombres Jóvenes con Lesión de la Médula Espinal Pueden Beneficiarse de la Detección de Testosterona

Alrededor de 12,000 estadounidenses desarrollan una lesión de la médula espinal (LME) cada año, según el Centro Nacional de Estadísticas de Lesión de la Médula Espinal. Una LME es daño en cualquier lugar a lo largo de la médula espinal después de un accidente u otro trauma. Las personas con LME pueden perder el movimiento o sentido en sus brazos y piernas (tetraplejía) o solo en sus piernas (paraplejía), dependiendo de qué parte de la médula espinal esté lesionada. La LME es mucho más común en los hombres que en las mujeres, y es más común en los hombres  con menos de 50 años de edad.


Young Men with Spinal Cord Injury May Benefit from Testosterone Screening

About 12,000 Americans develop a spinal cord injury (SCI) each year, according to the National Spinal Cord Injury Statistical Center. An SCI is damage anywhere along the spinal cord after an accident or other trauma. People with SCI may lose movement or feeling in their arms and legs (tetraplegia) or only in their legs (paraplegia), depending on which part of the spinal cord is injured. SCI is much more common in men than women, and it is most common in men under age 50.


Muchas Instalaciones de Ejercicio Pueden No Ser Totalmente Accesibles para Personas con Discapacidades

Ser físicamente activo es una parte importante para mantenerse saludable. Correr y caminar al aire libre son opciones populares, pero las personas con discapacidades, especialmente discapacidades de movimiento, pueden no tener acceso completo a los parques y senderos tradicionales.


Las Personas con Discapacidades Enfrentan Barreras al Empleo, Pero las Adaptaciones Pueden Ayudar

Las personas con discapacidades tienen tasas de empleo más bajas que las personas sin discapacidades: Según el Informe Anual sobre las Estadísticas de Discapacidad de 2015, sólo 34% de los estadounidenses con discapacidades en edad laboral estaban empleados en 2014, en comparación con 75% de los estadounidenses sin discapacidades en edad laboral. Las personas con discapacidades pueden enfrentar múltiples barreras que dificultan la búsqueda o el mantenimiento de empleos.


People with Disabilities Face Barriers to Employment, But Accommodations May Help

People with disabilities have lower employment rates than people without disabilities. According to the 2015 Disability Statistics Annual Report, only 34% of working-age Americans with disabilities were employed in 2014, compared with 75% of working-age Americans without disabilities. People with disabilities may face multiple barriers that make it harder to find or keep jobs. Some of these barriers include employers’ misconceptions about hiring and accommodating a person with a disability, inaccessible work spaces or equipment, or a lack of transportation to get to a work site.


A New Online Program May Help People with TBI Build Emotion Regulation Skills

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) is lasting brain damage from an external force, such as a fall or a car accident. People with TBI may have challenges with emotion regulation (ER), the process of recognizing and controlling their feelings or their reactions to feelings. Previous research has shown that a structured group therapy program can help people with TBI develop and practice ER skills in real-life situations. However, some people with TBI may not be able to get to a clinic to receive group therapy, or they may not be able to afford it.


Disclosing a Multiple Sclerosis Diagnosis at Work May Have Pros and Cons

More than 400,000 Americans and about 2.5 million people worldwide have multiple sclerosis (MS), according to the Multiple Sclerosis Foundation. MS is a chronic condition affecting the central nervous system, which usually starts between the ages of 20 and 50. It can cause symptoms such as fatigue, trouble walking, vision problems, or problems with thinking and memory. These symptoms may not be obvious to other people. People who are employed when they develop MS may face difficult decisions regarding whether, and how, to tell their supervisors and coworkers about their MS.


High Parental Expectations and Early Supports May Improve Employment Prospects for Youth with Deaf-Blindness

About 10,000 infants, children, and youth in the United States are considered “deaf-blind.” Deaf-blindness is an uncommon and complex disability. People who are deaf-blind have both visual and hearing impairments that are significant enough to require special supports beyond those used by people who are blind or deaf only. Some people with deaf-blindness also have other disabilities which may impact their physical or mental health, or their ability to communicate as well as increase their need for specialized supports.


Some Complications Are More Common During the First Year After Spinal Cord Injury Inpatient Rehabilitation

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage to the spinal cord from an accident or other trauma. Depending on which part of the spinal cord is injured, people with SCI may lose some or all movement in their arms and legs (tetraplegia) or only in their legs (paraplegia). People with SCI may experience serious complications after completing their inpatient rehabilitation and moving back into the community. Some of the most common complications include urinary tract infections (UTIs), autonomic dysreflexia (AD, a dangerous rise in blood pressure), and pressure sores.


For People with Recent Spinal Cord Injuries, Pneumonia and Pressure Ulcers May Be Connected

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is lasting damage to the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. SCI causes a loss of feeling and movement below the point of injury, which can be either complete (no feeling or movement) or incomplete (some feeling, movement, or both). Some people with SCI require a ventilator for breathing if their injury is in the upper part of the spine. People with SCI usually receive initial medical treatment in a hospital, and then transfer to a rehabilitation unit where they learn strategies for the skills needed to return home and to the community.



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