research in focus

Rehabilitation Staff Have a Good General Understanding of Concussion, but Could Benefit from Learning More

A concussion is a mild brain injury that may occur after a fall or sudden impact to the head, such as during contact sports. It can cause symptoms such as headaches, confusion, or trouble concentrating, which can last for up to three months after injury. It is important for rehabilitation staff, from physicians and therapists to athletic trainers, to know how to accurately diagnose a concussion, how long it typically lasts, and what advice or therapy is appropriate to help individuals manage their symptoms and recovery.

English

A Comprehensive Job Development Program May Help Youth with ASD Make the Successful Transition from School to Work

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that affects how people communicate and process information. People with ASD may have trouble expressing themselves verbally, responding to social cues, or adapting to changing situations. These challenges may make it difficult for youth with ASD to find and keep jobs in the community. Many youth with ASD may benefit from training in job-related social skills, as well as individualized on-the-job support from a job coach to help with behavioral or social challenges.

English

People Caring for Injury Survivors May Benefit From User-Friendly Information and Support Groups

Over 65 million American adults act as caregivers to a person with a medical condition, according to the National Alliance for Caregiving. Caregivers are often spouses, parents, children, or friends of a person with a health condition or disability, and they may provide a great deal of unpaid assistance with activities of daily living, housing, transportation, or medical needs. People with burn injuries, spinal cord injuries (SCI), and traumatic brain injuries (TBI) may experience long-term disabilities and may require caregiving assistance.

English

A Guided Career Planning Program May Help Young Adults with Mental Health Challenges Achieve Their Goals

People with mental health challenges have conditions like depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia. Adults with mental health challenges face a variety of barriers, and are less likely to find and keep jobs, or complete college degrees, when compared to adults without disabilities. Young adults in their 20s who have mental health challenges may have difficulty meeting important milestones on the path to adulthood such as identifying their career goals or enrolling in college classes.

English

Many Fitness Facilities May Not Be Fully Accessible to People with Disabilities

Being physically active is an important part of staying healthy. Running and walking outdoors are popular options, but people with disabilities, especially mobility disabilities, may not have full access to traditional parks and trails. Fitness facilities, such as gyms and health clubs, can offer alternative ways for people to be physically active, but those facilities may still present barriers to getting a workout since many fitness facilities may lack critical features that would enable people with disabilities to fully use the facilities and equipment to exercise.

English

Some People with Spinal Cord Injury May Benefit from Alcohol Counseling and Education

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord that often results from an accident or other trauma. People with SCI may be at risk for developing medical complications, such as pressure ulcers or urinary tract infections. According to prior studies, people with SCI who drink more alcohol may have a higher risk of these medical and other health complications than those who drink less.

English

¿Quién Es Más Propenso De Desarrollar Un Trastorno De Estrés Postraumático Después De Una Lesión De La Médula Espinal?

Una lesión de la médula espinal (LME) es un daño duradero en cualquier parte de la médula espinal como resultado de un accidente o enfermedad. Una LME traumática es el resultado de un traumatismo repentino, como un accidente automovilístico, una caída, o una lesión relacionada con los deportes. Después de experimentar un evento traumático, algunas personas desarrollan una condición llamada trastorno de estrés postraumático (TEPT). Las personas con TEPT pueden tener recuerdos del trauma, evitar situaciones similares al evento traumático, o experimentar frecuente ansiedad.

Spanish

Who Is Most Likely to Develop Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder After Spinal Cord Injury?

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is lasting damage anywhere along the spinal cord as a result of accident or disease. A traumatic SCI results from a sudden trauma, such as a car accident, a fall, or a sports-related injury. After experiencing a traumatic event, some people develop a condition called post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). People with PTSD may have flashbacks of the trauma, avoid situations similar to the traumatic event, or experience frequent anxiety. People with a traumatic SCI may have symptoms of PTSD, and these symptoms may last for a long time after their injury.

English

Los Empresarios Que Tienen Relaciones con las Agencias de Rehabilitación Vocacional Son Más Propensos a Contratar a las Personas Ciegas o con Discapacidad Visual

Las personas con discapacidad visual tienen dificultad para ver, incluso con gafas o lentes de contacto, o son incapaces de ver en absoluto cuando son ciegos. Las estadísticas muestran que los estadounidenses con discapacidades visuales en edad de trabajar tienen tasas de empleo mucho más bajas que sus compañeros sin discapacidades. Las investigaciones anteriores han encontrado que las percepciones incorrectas de las personas que son ciegas o con discapacidades visuales contribuyen a esta tasa de empleo baja.

Spanish

Employers Who Have Relationships with Vocational Rehabilitation Agencies May Be More Likely to Hire People Who Are Blind or Visually Impaired

People with visual impairments have difficulty seeing, even with glasses or contact lenses, or are unable to see at all when they are blind. Statistics show that working-age Americans with visual impairments have much lower employment rates than their peers without disabilities. Past research has found that inaccurate perceptions about people who are blind or visually impaired contribute to this low employment rate.

English

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