Research In Focus: A Weekly Digest of New Research from the NIDILRR Community

Research In Focus is a weekly publication featuring reader-friendly summaries of the latest research from NIDILRR-funded projects. Each installment presents you with an overview of a recently-published NIDILRR-funded study, highlighting important findings, and discussing implications or directions for future research. This could be a starting point to learn more about the intervention, technology, or program. We hand-select the articles from our diverse library collections, aiming to broadly cover interesting research in many areas of disability, various types of intervention, and a wide range of age spectrum from early childhood to aging with and into disability. To be alerted to new articles, sign up for our weekly email newsletter News and Notes from the NIDILRR Community and Beyond! These articles are also available in Spanish.

Youth with serious mental health conditions (SMHCs) have medical diagnoses such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, or depression. These youth may benefit from relationships with young adult peers who have themselves experienced SMHCs and are now in recovery. Some community mental health agencies employ young adults with SMHCs to be peer providers, serving as role models and advocates for their clients. Being a peer provider can be a rewarding job that offers valuable employment experience,... Read this article

Date published:
2017-02-08

Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common movement-related disability in children. CP is caused by brain damage early in life that can limit the brain’s ability to control muscle movements. Although many children with CP can walk with or without assistive devices, they may develop stiffness or spasms in their muscles crossing the ankle, causing difficulties with gait, balance, or long-distance walking. A combination of stretching and strength-building ankle training exercises can help children... Read this article

Date published:
2017-02-01

People with mobility disabilities have difficulty standing, walking, or climbing stairs. Because of such difficulty, they may have trouble participating in recreational, social, civic, or religious activities in their communities. The participation limitation may stem from physical problems such as pain or fatigue, from environmental barriers like living in areas without public transportation, or both. People with mobility disabilities may have an easier time participating in their... Read this article

Date published:
2017-01-25

Working-age Americans with disabilities often face more challenges getting health insurance than their peers without disabilities. They may have more complex healthcare needs, along with lower incomes that may prevent them from accessing private health insurance plans. Medicaid programs provide essential health insurance coverage for people who are low income, including many Americans with disabilities. Medicaid is funded by federal and state governments and administered by individual states... Read this article

Date published:
2017-01-18

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord from an accident or other trauma. Depending on the injury’s location, people with SCI may lose movement in their legs (paraplegia) or in their legs and arms (tetraplegia) in varying degrees. High-level tetraplegia is caused by an injury between the first four vertebrae of the spine and is the most severe form of injury. It can cause severe limitation or total loss of a person’s ability to use his/her legs and arms, including... Read this article

Date published:
2017-01-11

According to the U.S. Census, an estimated 80% of adults 65 and older have at least one chronic disease, and about half have at least two. Some of the most common chronic diseases include diabetes, heart disease, cancer, lung disease, and stroke. These conditions can lead to disabilities which may impact people’s ability to live, work, and participate independently in their communities. People can reduce the impact of these chronic diseases by engaging in healthy behaviors as they age. These... Read this article

Date published:
2016-12-21

About 2.5 million Americans experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year. TBI is lasting brain damage from a head trauma such as a fall or a car accident, and it can be mild, moderate, or severe. Some people experience seizures -- sudden bursts of electrical activity in the brain that can cause occasional jerky body movements or reduced levels of consciousness -- after a TBI. These seizures can happen any time, from hours to months or years after the injury. In a recent NIDILRR-funded... Read this article

Date published:
2016-12-14

An estimated 1.1 million Americans are legally blind, meaning that they have central vision of 20/200 or less, or a visual field smaller than 20 degrees. Compared to other disability groups, Americans who are legally blind have a higher college graduation rate. However, they still face disadvantages when seeking employment: These students may not have the same early work experience as other students and may not have developed their job search or interview skills. They may also face outside... Read this article

Date published:
2016-12-07

Each year, about half a million Americans are treated for burn-related injuries. A burn injury commonly results from a fire, but can also be caused by contact with hot liquids, electricity, or chemicals. Large burns are those that cover at least 30% of a person’s body. They can cause lasting damage to bones, joints or muscles in the burned area. This damage may lead to challenges with activities of daily living. In a recent NIDILRR-funded study, researchers looked at the most common movement... Read this article

Date published:
2016-11-30

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord, usually from an accident or other trauma. SCI can cause a loss of feeling and movement below the point of damage. As a result, people with SCI may need help with basic daily activities such as bladder and bowel care, dressing, and bathing, as well as more complex tasks like shopping and transportation. Often, a spouse or other close family member takes on most of this caregiving responsibility. Most past research has... Read this article

Date published:
2016-11-23

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