Research In Focus: A Weekly Digest of New Research from the NIDILRR Community

Research In Focus is a weekly publication featuring reader-friendly summaries of the latest research from NIDILRR-funded projects. Each installment presents you with an overview of a recently-published NIDILRR-funded study, highlighting important findings, and discussing implications or directions for future research. This could be a starting point to learn more about the intervention, technology, or program. We hand-select the articles from our diverse library collections, aiming to broadly cover interesting research in many areas of disability, various types of intervention, and a wide range of age spectrum from early childhood to aging with and into disability. To be alerted to new articles, sign up for our weekly email newsletter News and Notes from the NIDILRR Community and Beyond! These articles are also available in Spanish.

A concussion is a mild brain injury that may occur after a fall or sudden impact to the head, such as during contact sports. It can cause symptoms such as headaches, confusion, or trouble concentrating, which can last for up to three months after injury. It is important for rehabilitation staff, from physicians and therapists to athletic trainers, to know how to accurately diagnose a concussion, how long it typically lasts, and what advice or therapy is appropriate to help individuals manage... Read this article

Date published:
2017-08-16

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that affects how people communicate and process information. People with ASD may have trouble expressing themselves verbally, responding to social cues, or adapting to changing situations. These challenges may make it difficult for youth with ASD to find and keep jobs in the community. Many youth with ASD may benefit from training in job-related social skills, as well as individualized on-the-job support from a job coach to help... Read this article

Date published:
2017-08-09

Over 65 million American adults act as caregivers to a person with a medical condition, according to the National Alliance for Caregiving. Caregivers are often spouses, parents, children, or friends of a person with a health condition or disability, and they may provide a great deal of unpaid assistance with activities of daily living, housing, transportation, or medical needs. People with burn injuries, spinal cord injuries (SCI), and traumatic brain injuries (TBI) may experience long-term... Read this article

Date published:
2017-08-02

People with mental health challenges have conditions like depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia. Adults with mental health challenges face a variety of barriers, and are less likely to find and keep jobs, or complete college degrees, when compared to adults without disabilities. Young adults in their 20s who have mental health challenges may have difficulty meeting important milestones on the path to adulthood such as identifying their career goals or enrolling in college... Read this article

Date published:
2017-07-26

Being physically active is an important part of staying healthy. Running and walking outdoors are popular options, but people with disabilities, especially mobility disabilities, may not have full access to traditional parks and trails. Fitness facilities, such as gyms and health clubs, can offer alternative ways for people to be physically active, but those facilities may still present barriers to getting a workout since many fitness facilities may lack critical features that would enable... Read this article

Date published:
2017-07-19

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is damage anywhere along the spinal cord that often results from an accident or other trauma. People with SCI may be at risk for developing medical complications, such as pressure ulcers or urinary tract infections. According to prior studies, people with SCI who drink more alcohol may have a higher risk of these medical and other health complications than those who drink less. Identifying people with SCI who drink more alcohol, particularly those who “binge-drink... Read this article

Date published:
2017-07-12

A spinal cord injury (SCI) is lasting damage anywhere along the spinal cord as a result of accident or disease. A traumatic SCI results from a sudden trauma, such as a car accident, a fall, or a sports-related injury. After experiencing a traumatic event, some people develop a condition called post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). People with PTSD may have flashbacks of the trauma, avoid situations similar to the traumatic event, or experience frequent anxiety. People with a traumatic SCI... Read this article

Date published:
2017-06-21

People with visual impairments have difficulty seeing, even with glasses or contact lenses, or are unable to see at all when they are blind. Statistics show that working-age Americans with visual impairments have much lower employment rates than their peers without disabilities. Past research has found that inaccurate perceptions about people who are blind or visually impaired contribute to this low employment rate. For instance, employers may not know whether people who are blind or... Read this article

Date published:
2017-06-14

Driving is a key to independence for many Americans, including Americans with disabilities. Whether they drive a standard vehicle or a modified one equipped with a ramp or lift, many drivers with disabilities can obtain permits to park in designated accessible parking spaces. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) indicates specific requirements for these parking spaces such as the number of accessible parking spaces to be set aside in a lot, signage and ground markings, and designated... Read this article

Date published:
2017-05-31

Individual placement and support (IPS) is an evidence-based supported employment program designed to help people with mental health disabilities find and keep jobs. In an IPS program, employment specialists work with clients in the community mental health setting to develop job goals, find job placements, and receive on-the-job supports. IPS programs may be run by state departments of mental health or vocational rehabilitation or they may be run within community mental health centers.... Read this article

Date published:
2017-05-17

Pages