RehabWire Volume 1 Number 1, January 1999

Welcome to the premier issue of RehabWire, a monthly publication designed to keep NIDRR staff in touch with NARIC and its resources. In each issue, you’ll find the latest events, new research, and insightful features. We’ll talk about rehabilitation research and disability issues, and how to get the most out of NARIC’s resources. RehabWire is your guide to rehabilitation and disability information. Tell us what you’d like to see in future editions!

Please note, most events have been removed from the online version of RehabWire. Monthly and weekly observances remain.

From the NIDRR Projects

Library booksEach month, we’ll feature articles and reports written by NIDRR researchers. These are generated from the REHABDATA database. Each record features an accession number, title, authors, and a detailed abstract. Please contact us for copies of any document in our collection.

Rintala, D. H., Hart, K. A., Priebe, M. M., Ballinger, D. A. (1998) Racial And Ethnic Differences In Community Reintegration In A Community-based Sample Of Adults With Spinal Cord Injury. Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation, 4(2), 1-17. Accession Number J35661.
Abstract: Article reporting on a study of the relationship of race/ethnicity to community integration and other variables in a sample of 164 adults who had lived with spinal cord injury (SCI) for 2-47 years. It was found that compared with blacks and Hispanics, whites were older, better educated, better off financially, less likely to have a violent etiology, less severely impaired, more physically independent, better able to access their community, and involved in more productive activities. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that after controlling for other demographic and injury-related variables, the amount of variance in mobility and productivity accounted for by race/ethnicity was substantially reduced. Produced by the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center in Community Integration for Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury (H133B40011), Baylor College of Medicine, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Kennedy, J. (1998) Estimating The Size Of The Adult Population Needing Personal Assistance Services: Implications For National Disability Policy. Journal of Disability Policy Studies, 91, p7-30, 24p. Accession Number J35679
Abstract: Article providing current estimates of the size of the adult U.S. population eligible for personal assistance services (PAS) benefits under various eligibility criteria, and discussing some of the political and economic consequences of setting such criteria. Criteria discussed include age, income, work status, and need for assistance with activities of daily living (ADL). Produced by the Disability Statistics Rehabilitation Research and Training Center (H133B30002), University of California/San Francisco, Institute for Health and Aging.

Keep up on the latest acquisitions to REHABDATA through NARIC’s REHABDATA Connection subscription service. Visit REHABDATA Connection for more information.

Newsflash!Did You Know...?

... that people with disabilities who have 12 or more years of education are more likely to participate in the labor force?
According to the Chartbook on Work and Disability: "As level of education rises, so does labor force participation...for people with and without disabilities. However, labor force participation increases much more sharply for people with work disabilities than for those without." Only 17.8% of those with 12 years of education or less participate in the work force, as compared to 53.4% of those with 16 or more years.
Source: Chartbook on Work and Disability, 1998. Prepared for NIDRR by InfoUse. Available from NARIC or online at www.infouse.com/disabilitydata

 

Defining Disability: Updating the REHABDATA Thesaurus

The REHABDATA Thesaurus is a key instrument in indexing the materials in the NARIC collection. The Thesaurus is a constantly evolving document which is modified and updated on a regular basis. Each month we look at a term, how it’s defined, and how it’s used in indexing rehabilitation and disability literature.

DEINSTITUTIONALIZATION

Concept with three interrelated processes: (1) prevention of admission to a public institution by developing, finding, and using alternative community care and training; (2) return to the community by residents who function appropriately and who benefit from community-based habilitation and training programs; and (3) establishment and maintenance of a responsive institutional environment contributing to appropriate and expeditious return to the community

Antonym: INSTITUTIONALIZATION

Related Terms: FOSTER CARE, GROUP HOMES, HABILITATION, HALFWAY HOUSES, HOME CARE, INCLUSION, INDEPENDENT LIVING, RESIDENTIAL LIVING
Use For: NormalizationThe REHABDATA Thesaurus is a key instrument in indexing the materials in the NARIC collection. The Thesaurus is a constantly evolving document which is modified and updated on a regular basis. Each month we look at one term, how it’s defined, and how it is used in indexing rehabilitation and disability literature.

Research in the New Millennium

As the new millenium approaches and NIDRR’s long range research plans come into focus, we highlight a new project and its staff:

Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Employment and Disability Policy at Cornell University.
Using principles of economics, this project conducts policy research on how environmental factors influence the work outcomes of people with disabilities. Researchers also address critical aspects of their employment outcomes, recognizing the heterogeneity of people with disabilities, and explain the importance of interactions among the multiplicity of programs intended to meet the employment needs of people with disabilities. Research includes: (1) a comprehensive analysis, using existing panel data, of the current employment status of people with disabilities; (2) a longitudinal analysis of the effects of labor market change on the employment and earnings of people with disabilities; (3) a longitudinal analysis of return-to-work after the onset of a disability; and (4) a longitudinal analysis of the impact of civil rights protections on the employment and earnings of people with disabilities. This project is headed by Susanne Bruyère, PhD, Richard Burkhauser, PhD, and David Stapleton, PhD. Dr. Bruyère is quite familiar to NIDRR; this is her fourth research project. Her previous projects included employment practices and Title I, workplace policy and discrimination, and ADA materials development.
You can find out more about this project by visiting their Web page at www.ilr.cornell.edu/ped

Learn more about the NIDRR projects from the NIDRR Program Directory, available online at /research/pd.

February 7 - 14 is Burn Injury Awareness Week.

Secrets of Better Searching

NARIC’s browsable pages use several terms to retrieve extensive search results in each topic. By combining search terms (using AND, OR, NOT) and two or more key words, you can effectively narrow or expand your search and find the exact documents you need. Let’s examine strategies for finding documents on neurological disorders. Simply using those two words will only retrieve records with those terms (751 documents in REHABDATA!). In order to achieve accurate results, we have to include other words and one of the three search operators.

Using “neurological disorders OR alzheimer’s” will retrieve records that mention either neurological disorders or alzheimer’s disease, effectively expanding your search (1095 documents). By contrast, using “neurological disorders AND alzheimer’s” will narrow your search results, retrieving only records that mention both terms (33 documents). Similarly, you can narrow your search by eliminating terms: “neurological disorders NOT alzheimer’s” will retrieve records that mention the first term but do not include the second term (718 documents). Using several terms will ensure you find the resources you need.

Call NARIC Monday to Friday, 9 to 5 at 800/346-2742 or visit us at http://www.naric.com anytime!